Health Promotion Plan Essay

Health Promotion Plan Essay

Tobacco use is one of the significant public health threats in the current global healthcare systems. According to the World Health Organization [WHO] (2022), tobacco-related diseases and complications such as cancer account for more than 8 million deaths annually. Out of the annual mortalities associated with tobacco, 7 million deaths emanate from tobacco use (e-cigarettes, cigars, smokeless tobacco, hookah, and cigarettes). In comparison, 1.2 million deaths originate from exposure to second-hand smoke. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC] (2022) contend that tobacco product use starts primarily during adolescence when about 9 out of 10 adult tobacco users first tried smoking by 18. If effective smoking cessation interventions are insufficient, about 5.6 million Americans younger than 18 years will die early due to smoking-related illnesses. As a result, this paper explores tobacco use among adolescents as a community health concern, discusses why adolescents are susceptible to smoking and how they benefit from a health promotion plan, and identifies SMART goals for a health promotion plan for smoking cessation.

Characteristics of the Target Population

A health promotion plan entails 10 adolescents (5 boys and 5 girls) from Queens, New York who have already debuted tobacco use through direct forms, including e-cigarettes, cigars, smokeless tobacco, and hookah. The average age of the selected population is 17 years, the youngest participants are 13 years, and the oldest participants are 18. Besides gender and age, the target population exhibit other socio-demographic characteristics, including the economic status of their families, family history of smoking, social support systems, neighborhood issues like exposure to crimes and childhood trauma, and different education levels. Finally, health issues like depression inform the selection of the target population for this health promotion plan.

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Why the Chosen Population is Predisposed to this Health Concern and Why they Can Benefit from a Health Promotion Educational Plan

The chosen population grapples with multiple issues that increase their susceptibility to tobacco use and contribute to health disparities and disproportionate effects of tobacco use. These concerns include families’ low socioeconomic statuses, low-level education attainment, limited access to quality and timely care due to fear of victimization and low income, and limited access to health education and social support. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC] (2022), other factors that lead to the disproportionate prevalence and effects of tobacco use among adolescents include the social and physical environment, mental health, biological and genetic factors, access to uncontrolled tobacco product adverts, and accessible, affordable tobacco products. Fernando et al. (2019) contend that the influence of friends and the age of first smoking exposure are among the factors associated with tobacco product use. Equally, the need to comfort in peer groups and a family history of smoking motivate young people to use tobacco products.

On the other hand, depression, anxiety, and stress are among the mental health issues that prompt adolescents to use tobacco products. Equally, individual lack of knowledge and awareness of the potential effects of tobacco use can exacerbate the habit. Finally, limited parental involvement contributes to tobacco use among adolescents by depriving them of necessary information and guidance that transform behaviors.

Benefits of the Health Promotion Plan

Undoubtedly, implementing a health promotion education program can facilitate tobacco use cessation among the participants. Hyndman et al. (2019) argue that education programs can improve individuals’ self-management competencies, equip learners with knowledge and awareness of the potential consequences of tobacco use, and improve self-efficacy in tobacco use cessation. Adolescents can benefit from a health promotion education program by acquiring knowledge of the short-and-long-term effects of tobacco use, understanding the importance of tobacco use cessation, and becoming aware of essential strategies for avoiding risk factors from social and physical environments.

Group’s Current Behaviors, Learning Needs, and SMART Goals

After meeting with the selected population, it was clear that they lacked the knowledge and awareness of the health risks associated with tobacco use. In this sense, insufficient knowledge and awareness of tobacco use effects perpetrate risky behaviors and acts like cigarette smoking. Further, some of the group members demonstrated a deficiency in knowledge of stress management interventions because they used tobacco products as a strategy for managing stress and anxiety. Finally, group members had negative personal views, low self-image, and self-esteem. As a result, they needed an education program to improve their perceptions and deconstruct the positive ideologies regarding tobacco use.

Educational Sessions and SMART Goals

The proposed education program for tobacco use cessation will run for four weeks and will include a 2-hour session per day three days a week, meaning the participants will complete 12 educational sessions. The learning content for these sessions includes themes like facts and statistics regarding tobacco use, smoking cessation medications, self-management interventions, and benefits of tobacco use cessation. Further, the educator will set a target of one cigarette reduction per day and supply nicotine-replacement products like gums, patches, and patches. Finally, the educator will frequently assess the learners’ progress and enhance knowledge acquisition and tobacco use cessation through encouraging group therapy, moderate exercise, and social activities.

The educational sessions will take place in Townsend Harris High School, Queens, New York where the learners will;

  • Name the risk factors associated with tobacco use by the end of the education session.
  • Identify mechanisms for managing tobacco use by the end of the educational session.
  • Identify viable social support systems, including community resources for smoking cessation.
  • Complete 12 sessions in 4 weeks
  • Participate in a daily target of one cigarette reduction per day until they complete smoking cessation.


Tobacco use poses a significant challenge to the current healthcare systems by exacerbating chronic conditions like cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and respiratory complications. Adolescents are susceptible to tobacco use habits due to the interplay between social determinants of health (SDOH). Therefore, public health interventions should focus on raising awareness and promoting behavioral change among adolescents grappling with knowledge deficiencies, pressure from peer groups, limited parent involvement, stress, and low socio-economic status.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2022). Youth and tobacco use.

Fernando, H. N., Wimaladasa, I. T. P., Sathkoralage, A. N., Ariyadasa, A. N., Udeni, C., Galgamuwa, L. S., Herath, P., & Kumarasinghe, N. (2019). Socioeconomic factors associated with tobacco smoking among adult males in Sri Lanka. BMC Public Health, 19(1).

Hyndman, Thomas, Schira, Bradley, Chachula, Patterson, & Compton. (2019). The effectiveness of tobacco dependence education in health professional students’ practice: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(21), 4158.

World Health Organization. (2022). Tobacco.



Develop a hypothetical health promotion plan, 3-4 pages in length, addressing a specific health concern for an individual or a group living in the community that you identified from the topic list provided.

Teen Pregnancy.
LGBTQIA + Health.
Sudden Infant Death (SID).
Tobacco use (include all: vaping, e-cigarettes, hookah, chewing tobacco, and smoking) cessation.
Historically, nurses have made significant contributions to community and public health with regard to health promotion, disease prevention, and environmental and public safety. They have also been instrumental in shaping public health policy. Today, community and public health nurses have a key role in identifying and developing plans of care to address local, national, and international health issues. The goal of community and public health nursing is to optimize the health of individuals and families, taking into consideration cultural, racial, ethnic groups, communities, and populations. Caring for a population involves identifying the factors that place the population\’s health at risk and developing specific interventions to address those factors. The community/public health nurse uses epidemiology as a tool to customize disease prevention and health promotion strategies disseminated to a specific population. Epidemiology is the branch of medicine that investigates causes of various diseases in a specific population (CDC, 2012; Healthy People 2030, n.d.).

As an advocate and educator, the community/public health nurse is instrumental in providing individuals, groups, and aggregates with the tools that are essential for health promotion and disease prevention. There is a connection between one’s quality of life and their health literacy. Health literacy is related to the knowledge, comprehension, and understanding of one’s condition along with the ability to find resources that will treat, prevent, maintain, or cure their condition. Health literacy is impacted by the individual’s learning style, reading level, and the ability understand and retain the information being provided. The individual’s technology aptitude and proficiency in navigating available resources is an essential component to making informed decisions and to the teaching learning process (CDC, 2012; Healthy People 2030, n.d.).

It is essential to develop trust and rapport with community members to accurately identify health needs and help them adopt health promotion, health maintenance, and disease prevention strategies. Cultural, socio-economical, and educational biases need to be taken into consideration when communicating and developing an individualized treatment and educational plan. Social, economic, cultural, and lifestyle behaviors can have an impact on an individual\’s health and the health of a community. These behaviors may pose health risks, which may be mitigated through lifestyle/behaviorally-based education. The environment, housing conditions, employment factors, diet, cultural beliefs, and family/support system structure play a role in a person\’s levels of risk and resulting health. Assessment, evaluation, and inclusion of these factors provide a basis for the development of an individualized plan. The health professional may use a genogram or sociogram in this process.

What is a genogram? A genogram, similar to a family tree, is used to gather detailed information about the quality of relationships and interactions between family members over generations as opposed to lineage. Gender, family relationships, emotional relationships, lifespan, and genetic predisposition to certain health conditions are components of a genogram. A genogram, for instance, may identify a pattern of martial issues perhaps rooted in anger or explain why a person has green eyes.

What is a sociogram? A sociogram helps the health professional to develop a greater understanding of these factors by seeing inter-relationships, social links between people or other entities, as well as patterns to identify vulnerable populations and the flow of information within the community.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012). Lesson 1: Introduction to epidemiology. In Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice (3rd ed.).

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (n.d.). Healthy People 2030.

Note: Assessment 1 must be completed first before you are able to submit Assessment 4.

The first step in any effective project or clinical patient encounter is planning. This assessment provides an opportunity for you to plan a hypothetical clinical learning experience focused on health promotion associated with a specific community health concern or health need. Such a plan defines the critical elements of who, what, when, where, and why that establish the foundation for an effective clinical learning experience for the participants. Completing this assessment will strengthen your understanding of how to plan and negotiate individual or group participation. This assessment is the foundation for the implementation of your health promotion educational plan (Assessment 4).

You will need to satisfactorily pass Assessment 1 (Health Promotion Plan) before working on your last assessment (Assessment 4).

To prepare for the assessment, consider a various health concern or health need that you would like to be the focus of your plan from the topic list provided, the populations potentially affected by that concern or health need, and hypothetical individuals or groups living in the community. Then, investigate your chosen concern or need and best practices for health improvement, based on supporting evidence.

As you begin to prepare this assessment, you are encouraged to complete the Vila Health: Effective Interpersonal Communications activity. The information gained from completing this activity will help you succeed with the assessment. Completing activities is also a way to demonstrate engagement.

For this assessment, you will propose a hypothetical health promotion plan addressing a particular health concern or health need affecting a fictitious individual or group living in the community. The hypothetical individual or group of your choice must be living in the community; not in a hospital, assistant living, nursing home, or other facility. You may choose any health issues or need from the list provided in the instructions.

In the Assessment 4, you will simulate a face-to-face presentation of this plan to the individual or group that you have identified.

Please choose one of the topics below:

Teen Pregnancy.
LGBTQIA + Health.
Sudden Infant Death (SID).
Tobacco use (include all: vaping e-cigarettes, hookah, chewing tobacco, and smoking) cessation. (MUST address all tobacco products).
In addition, you are encouraged to:

Complete the Vila Health: Effective Interpersonal Communications simulation.
Review the health promotion plan assessment and scoring guide to ensure that you understand the work you will be asked to complete.
Review the MacLeod article, \”Making SMART Goals Smarter.\”
Note: As you revise your writing, check out the resources listed on the Writing Center\’s Writing Support page.


Health Promotion Plan
Choose a specific health concern or health need as the focus of your hypothetical health promotion plan. Then, investigate your chosen concern or need and best practices for health improvement, based on supporting evidence.
Teen Pregnancy.
LGBTQIA + Health.
Sudden Infant Death (SID).
Tobacco use (include all: vaping e-cigarettes, hookah, chewing tobacco, and smoking) cessation. (MUST address all tobacco products).
Create a scenario as if this project was being completed face-to-face.
Identify the chosen population and include demographic data (location, lifestyle, age, race, ethnicity, gender, marital status, income, education, employment).
Describe in detail the characteristics of your chosen hypothetical individual or group for this activity and how they are relevant to this targeted population.
Discuss why your chosen population is predisposed to this health concern or health need and why they can benefit from a health promotion educational plan.
Based on the health concern for your hypothetical individual or group, discuss what you would include in the development of a sociogram. Take into consideration possible social, economic, cultural, genetic, and/or lifestyle behaviors that may have an impact on health as you develop your educational plan in your first assessment. You will take this information into consideration when you develop your educational plan in your fourth assessment.
Identify their potential learning needs. Collaborate with the individual or group on SMART goals that will be used to evaluate the educational session (Assessment 4).
Identify the individual or group\’s current behaviors and outline clear expectations for this educational session and offer suggestions for how the individual or group needs can be met.
Health promotion goals need to be clear, measurable, and appropriate for this activity. Consider goals that will foster behavior changes and lead to the desired outcomes.
Document Format and Length
Your health promotion plan should be 3–4 pages in length.

Supporting Evidence
Support your health promotion plan with peer-reviewed articles, course study resources, and Healthy People 2030 resources. Cite at least three credible sources published within the past five years, using APA format.

Graded Requirements
The requirements outlined below correspond to the grading criteria in the scoring guide, so be sure to address each point. Read the performance-level descriptions for each criterion to see how your work will be assessed.

Analyze the health concern that is the focus of your health promotion plan.
Consider underlying assumptions and points of uncertainty in your analysis.
Explain why a health concern is important for health promotion within a specific population.
Examine current population health data.
Consider the factors that contribute to health, health disparities, and access to services.
Explain the importance of establishing agreed-upon health goals in collaboration with hypothetical participants.
Organize content so ideas flow logically with smooth transitions; contains few errors in grammar/punctuation, word choice, and spelling.
Apply APA formatting to in-text citations and references exhibiting nearly flawless adherence to APA format.
Write with a specific purpose and audience in mind.
Adhere to scholarly and disciplinary writing standards and APA formatting requirements.
Before submitting your assessment for grading, proofread it to minimize errors that could distract readers and make it difficult for them to focus on the substance of your plan.

Competencies Measured
By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and scoring guide criteria:

Competency 1: Analyze health risks and health care needs among distinct populations.
Analyze a community health concern or need that is the focus of a health promotion plan.
Competency 2: Propose health promotion strategies to improve the health of populations.
Explain why a health concern or need is important for health promotion within a specific population.
Establish agreed-upon health goals in collaboration with hypothetical participants.
Competency 5: Apply professional, scholarly communication strategies to lead health promotion and improve population health.
Organize content so ideas flow logically with smooth transitions; contains few errors in grammar/punctuation, word choice, and spelling.
Apply APA formatting to in-text citations and references exhibiting nearly flawless adherence to APA format.
Use the scoring guide to understand how your assessment will be evaluated.

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